Brassia

Brassia verrucosa © John Varigos

Brassia verrucosa
© John Varigos

Pronunciation: BRASS–ee-ah

Scientific Classification

  • Family: Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily: Epidendroideae
  • Tribe: Cymbidieae
  • Subtribe: Oncidiinae
  • Alliance: Oncidium
  • Genus: Brassia, Robert Brown 1813

General Characteristics

  • epiphylic
  • elliptic-oblong pseudobulbs
  • one or two leaves at the apex
  • lateral, unbranched many-flowered inflorescence
  • long and spreading tepals

Brassia species and its popular hybrids are common in cultivation, and are notable for the characteristic long and spreading tepals (in some clones longer than 50 cm). The genus was named after William Brass, a British botanist and illustrator, who collected plants in Africa under the supervision of Sir Joseph Banks. Its abbreviation in the horticultural trade is Brs.

This genus occurs in South Florida, the West-Indies and tropical America, in wet forests.

They are commonly called ‘The Spider Orchid’ because of the flowers unique shape.

It has also been discovered that this genus is extensively pollinated by female wasps that sting at the column and the lip attempting to pull it away to consume it.

They have large elliptic-oblong pseudobulbs with one or two leaves at the apex, lateral, unbranched many-flowered inflorescences with small floral bracts.

Culture

  • Temperature: Intermediate to warm.
  • Light: These plants grow in bright, filtered light.
  • Water & Humidity: Water weekly if grown in pots, every other day if mounted. Reduce watering during the cooler part of the year. Humidity should be intermediate to high.
  • Fertilizer: ½ strength balanced fertilizer four to five waterings in a row. Then one watering without fertilizer.
  • Potting: Coarse grade bark or coconut chips with some medium size pieces of charcoal. Good aeration of the roots is crucial. The plants cannot tolerate deteriorating medium.

Species

  • Brassia bidensTwo-toothed Brassia
  • Brassia boliviensis
  • Brassia filomenoi
  • Brassia helenae
  • Brassia huebneri
  • Brassia iguapoana
  • Brassia jipijapensisJipijapa Brassia
  • Brassia josstiana
  • Brassia koehlerorumKoehler’s Brassia
  • Brassia neglectaOverlooked Brassia
  • Brassia pascoensis
  • Brassia peruvianaPeru Brassia
  • Brassia rhizomatosa
  • Brassia signataMarked Brassia
  • Brassia suavissima
  • Brassia thyrsodes
  • Brassia transamazonica
  • Brassia villosa
  • Brassia wageneriWagener’s Brassia
  • Brassia warszewicziiWarscewicz’s Brassia

About

Welcome to Jardim Therapy my blog about orchids and Brazil. Here you will find a few useful references, and some tip & tricks, along with posting of my own personal experience. I absolutely love orchids, and I want to help everyone interested in learning about these unique plants.

As guests of Jardim Therapy you are welcome to browse the home page, post comments, and access the archives. You can also send me a message if you have any questions.

Enjoy!

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