Coelogyne nitida

Coelogyne mayeriana

Pronunciation: see-LODGE-eh-nee

Scientific Classification

  • Family: Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily: Epidendroideae
  • Tribe: Coelogyneae
  • Subtribe: Coelogyninae
  • Genus: Coelogyne, Lindley 1821

General Characteristics

  • sympodial
  • epiphytic
  • lacks the saccate base of the labellum

Coelogyne is a genus of over 200 sympodial epiphytes and are distributed across India, China, Indonesia and the Fiji islands, with the main centers in Borneo, Sumatra and the Himalayas. They can be found from tropical lowland forests to montane rain forests. A few species grow as terrestrials or even as lithophytes in open, humid habitats. The genus is abbreviated Coel in trade journals.

The wide distribution of this genus has resulted in a wide variety of temperature variation from species to species, some requiring cool to cold conditions to grow and bloom reliably, while others need decidedly warmer temperatures to achieve the same.


  • Temperature: Mostly intermediate temperatures, although a few species grow best in warm conditions and some such as C. mooreana prefer slightly cooler temperatures.
  • Light: As for phalaenopsis or oncidiums – 800 to 1,800 footcandles, with good air movement.
  • Water & Humidity: Constant moisture with good drainage throughout the year. New growths have tightly rolled leaves that tend to hold water. Care should be taken to avoid water standing in the new growths.
  • Fertilizer: A balanced fertilizer such as 20-20-20, ½ teaspoon/gallon of water, applied every other week.
  • Potting: A variety of growing media will provide adequate cultural conditions: bark mixtures, spaghnum moss, coconut-fiber mixtures. Pot culture is recommended with repotting every 2 years at the least and every spring is not out of the question.


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