Neofinetia

Neofinetia richardiana

Neofinetia richardiana

Neofinetia falcata

Neofinetia falcata

Pronunciation: nee-oh-fi-NET-ee-ah

Scientific Classification

  • Family: Orchidaceae
  • Subfamily: Epidendroideae
  • Tribe: Vandeae
  • Subtribe: Aeridinae
  • Alliance: Trichoglottis
  • Genus: Neofinetia, Hu 1925

General Characteristics

  • monopodial
  • epiphytic
  • white, long-spurred flowers

It is an understatement to say that Neofinetia has its fanatics, especially in Japan where during the Tokugawa period (1773-1841) it was first recognized as precious and has since played an important role in Japanese cultural arts.

Considered the perfect orchid by the Japanese, Neofinetia is appreciated and enjoyed not only for its delicately shaped flowers and enchanting fragrance but also for the foliage which can be variegated or shaped differently from the typical plant. Even the roots are considered worthy of enjoyment. Add to this the fact that there are many color forms and flower shapes it is no wonder that growing Neofinetia in Japan is likened to an appreciation of fine art. How much would you pay for an orchid? In Japan at auction in 2005, bidders paid from $20,000 to $70,000 for rare varieties of fuukiran which seems a bargain compared to the $300,000 or higher often paid during the 1980’s to late 1990’s.

Long thought to be monotypic (consisting of only one species), taxonomists have recently recognized 3 species. These small growing monopodial epiphytes, typically with white, long-spurred flowers, are native to China, Korea and Japan. Neofinetia resembles a miniature vanda vegetatively. Although small, the flowers are showy and pleasingly fragrant at night. Neofinetia falcata is present in many hobby collections and in recent years some of the rare forms, long guarded by the Japanese, have become available in the marketplace.

The World Monocot Checklist currently recognizes 3 distinct species.

  • Neofinetia falcata
  • Neofinetia richardsiana
  • Neofinetia xichangensis

Distribution: Widespread in China, Korea, Japan and the Ryukyu Islands.

Culture

  • Temperature: Intermediate although if kept dry, plants can tolerate rather cool conditions, surviving brief periods near freezing.
  • Light: Bright, filtered light
  • Water & Humidity: Do not allow to remain dry for long periods
  • Fertilizer: Balanced formula weekly when in growth
  • Potting: Small pots with free-draining mix, or slat baskets

Species

About

Welcome to Jardim Therapy my blog about orchids and Brazil. Here you will find a few useful references, and some tip & tricks, along with posting of my own personal experience. I absolutely love orchids, and I want to help everyone interested in learning about these unique plants.

As guests of Jardim Therapy you are welcome to browse the home page, post comments, and access the archives. You can also send me a message if you have any questions.

Enjoy!

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