Acianthera purpureoviolacea

Posted on: 11th April 2011 | 0 Comments

Common Growth Conditions & Species Information

  • Light: Partial Shade
  • Temperature: 65-75˚F / 18-24˚C {night average}
  • Bloom Season: Spring / Summer / Fall
  • Flower Size: 1/4″ / 1 cm
  • Fragrant: no
  • Synonyms: Pleurothallis purpureoviolacea

Acianthera purpureoviolacea was originally found growing in low light as an epiphyte in the humid forests of the coastal mountains of São Paulo state in Brazil from sea level to 600 meters.

Taxonomy Note: In 2002, with the help of molecular analysis, this species was reclassified into the smaller and more homogeneous genera Pleurothallidinae. Today this species is classified in the genus Acianthera, however, Carlyle Luer, an expert in this group of species, prefers to further divide and classify it in a smaller group of about fifteen species called Arthrosis. This small group is easily distinguished from the other Acianthera by their sheer flowers with the lip always elongated and sharp, with characteristic lateral lobes and the presence of a circular joint on its base, which fits neatly in a depression in the column. The genus name suggested by Luer is a reference to this joint. Virtually all species have the same lip.

Via: Colibri Orquídeas

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Stelis aprica

Posted on: 4th April 2011 | 0 Comments

On the drive back to São Paulo from our trip to Florianópolis a couple of weeks ago, my husband and I stopped at a small roadside orquidário.

I picked up a lovely little unlabeled plant not knowing what kind of flower to expect. Now that is has bloomed I have identified it as Stelis aprica. The Stelis genus is quite a large pleurothallid genus with several hundred species known, so it is possible that I have mislabeled the plant. If anyone has insight to whether or not this is correct I would love a comment.

Common Growth Conditions & Species Information

  • Light: Bright or Full Light
  • Temperature: 58-85˚F / 15-29˚C {night average}
  • Bloom Season: Spring / Winter
  • Flower Size: 1/6″ / 4 mm
  • Fragrant: no

Stelis aprica is native to Central America from Mexico to Panama, South America in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil, and is also found in Cuba. It grows in damp montane forests at elevations of 70 to 1800 meters as a miniature sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte and blooms in the spring and winter on a 4 1/5″ {11 cm} long inflorescence, carrying up to 30 flowers or more.

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Encyclia polybulbon

Posted on: 28th March 2011 | 1 Comment

A few months ago I was visiting friends in Florianópolis, a beautiful island in the south of Brazil, and I happened upon an orquidário in the south part of the island. Orquidário Açores {named for the region in which it is located} is run by a wonderful old man, Senhor Antônio. The nursery is located next to his residence, and does not have open business hours, he explained that it’s more of a hobby nursery. Sr. Antônio has a passion for growing Cattleya and Laelia and has won many prizes for his Cattleya nobilior.

While showing us around Sr. Antônio spotted a mountain of a plant, an Encyclia polybulbon. He reached down and broke off a section of pseudobulbs and handed it to me “Essa flor tem cheiro de mel,” {this flower smells like honey} he exclaimed and chuckled. He was not kidding, the potency of one single flower is unimaginable.

After arriving home I planted the little gift in a mixture of sphagnum moss and coconut fiber and it immediately settled in and took off growing.

Thank you Sr. Antônio for the hospitality and the lovely gift 🙂

Common Growth Conditions & Species Information

  • Light: Dappled to Partial Shade
  • Temperature: 58-85˚F / 15-29˚C {night average}
  • Bloom Season: Spring / Fall
  • Flower Size: 1 1/4″ / 3 cm
  • Fragrant: Yes {smells like honey}

Encyclia polybulbon is found in Central America from Mexico to Nicaragua and also on Jamaica and Cuba. It grows in humid mixed forests on oaks as a miniature epiphyte or lithophyte, at an altitude of 600-3200 meters. It is a cute dwarf species that likes a cool to hot environment with partial shade. Encyclia polybulbon has ovoid to narrowly ovoid, laterally compressed, yellow-green pseudobulbs with 1 to 3, elliptic-lanceolate to elliptic-ovate, retuse leaves. It blooms from fall to early spring on a single flowered, apical, 1/2″ to 1 1/5″ [1.25 to 3 cm] long inflorescence.

Sr. Antônio had his mountain of Encyclia polybulbon growing on an inverted terra cotta pot covered in sphagnum moss, but it can easily be grown mounted on coconut fiber, tree fern, cork or wood to accommodate the rambling nature of the plant.

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Bulbophyllum falcatum

Posted on: 22nd March 2011 | 0 Comments

So finally I have a long awaited update for you 🙂

I bought this Bulbophyllum falcatum at Orquidário Oriental some time last year and totally forgot to post the photos {better late than never}.


Common Growth Conditions & Species Information

  • Light: Dappled to Partial Shade
  • Temperature: 68-85˚F / 20-29˚C {night average}
  • Bloom Season: Spring/Summer
  • Flower Size: up to 1/2″ / 1.2 cm
  • Fragrant: Yes {stinky}

Bulbophyllum falcatum comes from tropical central to west Africa, Sierra Leone through Guinea and Zaire to Uganda, and grows in lowland and submontane forests. It is a hot growing bifoliate epiphyte or occasional lithophyte, and usually grows at altitudes below 1800 meters.

Mini flowers bloom on the side of what looks like a “pea pod,” and need to be magnified to be truly enjoyed. Bulbophyllum falcatum blooms in spring and summer on a 5 1/2″ {13 cm} long inflorescence with a very flattened, strongly undulate, rachis with short-stalked flowers placed alternately on either side.

It is recommended to grow Bulbophyllum falcatum in a pot or basket, I grow mine indoors in a pot which helps to keep the humidity up.

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About

Welcome to Jardim Therapy my blog about orchids and Brazil. Here you will find a few useful references, and some tip & tricks, along with posting of my own personal experience. I absolutely love orchids, and I want to help everyone interested in learning about these unique plants.

As guests of Jardim Therapy you are welcome to browse the home page, post comments, and access the archives. You can also send me a message if you have any questions.

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